All equipment

As of 2019, GCM Industry and its affiliated companies have 5 advanced mining machine production bases and one production base under construction, with a total production area of 1,200,000 square meters, which can better meet more needs of global customers in the future.


Beginning in 1987, GCM industry has developed steadily and steadily in the field of mining machines, and has gradually formed a complete R&D, production, sales and service system.

Click the links below for detailed information about our areas of expertise and broad range of equipment offerings.

Thorium: Mineral information, data and localities.

% Association (Thorium) Uranium: 124: 7,228: 1.72% of all Uranium deposits have Thorium. 21.20% of all Thorium deposits have Uranium. Rare Earths: 104: 419: 24.82% of all Rare Earths deposits have Thorium. 17.78% of all Thorium deposits have Rare Earths. Zircon: 59: 143: 41.26% of all Zircon deposits have Thorium. 10.09% of all Thorium deposits ...

THORITE (Thorium Uranium Silicate)

Thorite is the most common thorium mineral. Thorium is a highly radioactive element and could be used as a replacement for uranium in nuclear power generation. It is estimated to be three times as common as uranium and all the thorium in the Earth's crust could have more potential energy than both uranium and the fossil fuel reserves combined.

Uranium- and thorium-bearing pegmatites of the United ...

From an extensive literature survey and field examination of 44 pegmatite localities in the United States and Canada, the authors have compiled an index to about 300 uranium- and thorium-bearing pegmatites in the United States, maps giving location of these deposits, and an annotated bibliography to some of the most pertinent literature on the ...

Thorium: The mineralogy of Thorium - Mines, Minerals and More

Most widespread minerals containing Thorium; This list of minerals containing Thorium is built from the locality database. This is based on the number of localities entered for mineral species and is therefore slanted towards minerals interesting to collectors with less coverage of common rock-forming-minerals so it does not give an undistorted distribution of Thorium mineral species.

Thorium Power Canada Inc.

The TPC Thorium reactor can be built on a modular basis as small as 10MW in size with the option to upscale a facility to 100MW by linking the modular reactors together. Thorium Power Canada Inc. is shaping the future of energy through a truly clean, sustainable and scalable energy solution.

uranium thorium ilmenite -

thorium in placer minerals in canada ypma-ict. thorium in placer minerals in canada aprigliocchieu. Heavy mineral sands are a class of ore deposit which is an important source of zirconium, titanium, thorium, tungsten, rare-earth elements, the industrial minerals, More Information Pictures, stories, and facts about the element Hydrogen, Get Price

Uranium ore - Wikipedia

The primary uranium ore mineral is uraninite (UO 2) (previously known as pitchblende).A range of other uranium minerals can be found in various deposits. These include carnotite, tyuyamunite, torbernite and autunite. The davidite-brannerite-absite type uranium titanates, and the euxenite-fergusonite-samarskite group are other uranium minerals.. A large variety of secondary uranium minerals are ...

Occurrence of thorium - Wikipedia

Thorium is found in small amounts in most rocks and soils.Soil commonly contains an average of around 6 parts per million (ppm) of thorium. Thorium occurs in several minerals including thorite (ThSiO 4), thorianite (ThO 2 + UO 2) and monazite.Thorianite is a rare mineral and may contain up to about 12% thorium …

MONAZITE (Cerium Lanthanum Thorium Neodymium Yttrium ...

Thorium is a highly radioactive metal and could be used as a replacement for uranium in nuclear power generation. Monazite therefore is an extremely important ore mineral. Monazite is radioactive, sometimes highly radioactive, and specimens are often metamict. This is a condition found in radioactive minerals and results from the destructive ...

Mining 2020 | Laws and Regulations | Canada | ICLG

For example, in British Columbia, the Mineral Tenure Act regulates the exploration and, in part, the development and mining of hard rock minerals and placer minerals, and the definition of what constitutes "minerals" is very broad. Similarly, a holder of a placer claim is entitled to explore for placer minerals.

What Are Placer Ore Deposits? | Sciencing

Diamonds and gold satisfy these requirements and are the best-known placer minerals; others include monazite, platinum and ilmenite and lesser gems such as garnets. Thorium -- a possible alternate to uranium for fueling nuclear reactors -- occurs in monazite, whereas tin is produced from ilmenite.

Facts About Thorium | Live Science

Facts About Thorium. ... Berzelius isolated thorium by first mixing thorium oxide found in the mineral with carbon to create thorium chloride, ... Thorium is mainly mined in Australia, Canada, ...

Thorium vs. Uranium Fuels | Thorium Power Canada Inc.

Countries with significant thorium mineral deposits include: Australia, India, Brazil, USA, Canada, China, Russia, Norway, Turkey, Venezuela, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, South Africa, and Malaysia. Naturally occurring thorium has one isotope- thorium-232. In the DBI reactor, the initial start up fuel mix is a combination of thorium and uranium-235.

Thorium Geology and Mineralogy of Occurrences

Important reserves of thorium occur as placer deposits in alluvial or marine sediments or sedimentary rocks that consist most commonly of coarse quartz-rich materials. Placer deposits result from the weathering and erosion of rocks exposed at the surface containing heavy minerals. The ultimate source of thorium minerals will be granitic rocks

Uranium and thorium-bearing minerals in placer deposits in ...

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Mackin, J. Hoover (Joseph Hoover), 1905-1968. Uranium and thorium-bearing minerals in placer deposits in Idaho.

Sources of monazite sand in southern Orissa beach placer ...

Sources of monazite sand in southern Orissa beach placer, Eastern India Article (PDF Available) in Journal of the Geological Society of India 74(3):357-362 · September 2009 with 1,402 Reads

Locations of Deposits

Thorium is mined in conjunction with uranium, so much that estimates of reserves for these elements are made based off of uranium content. Thorium is typically found in the minerals thorite, thorianite and monazite however monazite is the only mineral from which Thorium is currently mined. These monazite deposits are found in placer deposits.

Placer mining | SpringerLink

Placer deposits are masses of gravel or other residual or detrital material that contain one or more valuable minerals that have been concentrated by weathering and mechanical processes. The concentrated minerals are, therefore, resistant to weathering and abrasion, and are typically of greater specific gravity, 3.3–22, than the most common minerals, which have specific gravities of about 2 ...

Placer mining | Britannica

Placer mining, ancient method of using water to excavate, transport, concentrate, and recover heavy minerals from alluvial or placer deposits.Examples of deposits mined by means of this technique are the gold-bearing sands and gravel that settle out from rapidly moving streams and rivers at points where the current slows down.

Alluvial and Placer Mineral Deposits | Geology for Investors

Aug 05, 2013· Minerals Found in Placers. For a mineral to be concentrated in a placer deposits, it needs to be both relatively heavy and resistant enough to withstand the pounding of water. The placer itself must also be old enough (millions of years) to have sorted and concentrated the heavy and resilient minerals.

Thorium - AIMR 2011 - Australian Mines Atlas

The thorium grade was not published but assuming a similar thorium grade of 0.27% Th, the upgraded resource could contain thorium in the order of 120 000 tonnes. Northern Minerals Ltd: The Wolverine deposit of the Browns Range Rare Earth group is located …

Thorium - Wikipedia

Thorium is a weakly radioactive metallic chemical element with the symbol Th and atomic number 90. Thorium is silvery and tarnishes black when it is exposed to air, forming thorium dioxide; it is moderately hard, malleable, and has a high melting point.Thorium is an electropositive actinide whose chemistry is dominated by the +4 oxidation state; it is quite reactive and can ignite in air when ...

Canada Mines For Sale -

Complete List of Tenures, Claims, Mineral Deposits & Mining Projects For Sale in Canada. Lease, Option & Joint Venture Available.

Exploring for minerals in Alberta |

The Western Canada Sedimentary Basin underlying most of Alberta contains vast mineral wealth. The geological strata not only contain oil sands, oil, natural gas and coal deposits, but also a large variety of metallic and industrial minerals. In addition, the Canadian Shield in the northeast corner ...

List of Countries By Thorium Reserves - WorldAtlas

Oct 30, 2017· Thorium decays through alpha decay and it is very slow. The decay chain is known as thorium series that will result in a stable 208 Pb. List of Countries by Thorium Reserves Largest Thorium Reserves. At present, information on resources of thorium ores is low since its low economic potential renders widespread exploration unnecessary.

(PDF) Thorium: Geology, Occurrence, Deposits and Resources

The average content in the upper crust of the earth reaches 6-10 g/t Th. Thorium occurs in oxides, silicates, phosphates, and other minerals. Deposits can be classified into placers, carbonatites ...

Alluvial and Placer Mineral Deposits - EcoToDo

Minerals Found in Placers. For a mineral to be concentrated in a placer deposits, it needs to be both relatively heavy and resistant enough to withstand the pounding of water. The placer itself must also be old enough (millions of years) to have sorted and concentrated the heavy and resilient minerals.

Mineral Titles: Getting Started with Reserves - Province ...

Section 22 of the Mineral Tenure Act: Mineral reserves; and; Section 21 of the Coal Act: Coal land reserves; and it is the legal instrument used to prevent or restrict access to mineral, placer and coal lands. By restricting claim registration or coal applications, reserves …